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We hope you find this website both helpful and informative. This article is about a system. For the social science or theory of law, see Jurisprudence. For a document passed by legislature, see statutory law. Legal” and “Legal concept” redirect here.
Law is a system of rules that are created and enforced through social or governmental institutions to regulate behavior. Law is a system that regulates and ensures that individuals or a community adhere to the will of the state. The adjudication of the law is generally divided into two main areas. Criminal law deals with conduct that is considered harmful to social order and in which the guilty party may be imprisoned or fined. Law provides a source of scholarly inquiry into legal history, philosophy, economic analysis and sociology. Numerous definitions of law have been put forward over the centuries. The Dictionary of the History of Ideas published by Scribner’s in 1973 defined the concept of law accordingly as: “A legal system is the most explicit, institutionalized, and complex mode of regulating human conduct.
At the same time, it plays only one part in the congeries of rules which influence behavior, for social and moral rules of a less institutionalized kind are also of great importance. There have been several attempts to produce “a universally acceptable definition of law”. In 1972, one source indicated that no such definition could be produced. King Hammurabi is revealed the code of laws by the Mesopotamian sun god Shamash, also revered as the god of justice. The history of law links closely to the development of civilization. Ancient Egyptian law, dating as far back as 3000 BC, contained a civil code that was probably broken into twelve books. The Old Testament dates back to 1280 BC and takes the form of moral imperatives as recommendations for a good society.
Roman law was heavily influenced by Greek philosophy, but its detailed rules were developed by professional jurists and were highly sophisticated. The Constitution of India is the longest written constitution for a country, containing 444 articles, 12 schedules, numerous amendments and 117,369 words. Ancient India and China represent distinct traditions of law, and have historically had independent schools of legal theory and practice. But what, after all, is a law? When I say that the object of laws is always general, I mean that law considers subjects en masse and actions in the abstract, and never a particular person or action. Jean-Jacques Rousseau, The Social Contract, II, 6.
The philosophy of law is commonly known as jurisprudence. Normative jurisprudence asks “what should law be? John Austin’s utilitarian answer was that law is “commands, backed by threat of sanctions, from a sovereign, to whom people have a habit of obedience”. Hugo Grotius, the founder of a purely rationalistic system of natural law, argued that law arises from both a social impulse—as Aristotle had indicated—and reason.